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最全双语干货!2018年政府工作报告划重点,中国

2018-06-05 17:26编辑:阜阳新闻网人气:


最全双语干货!2018年政府工作报告划重点,中国

十三届全国人民代表大会第一次会议在人民大会堂举行开幕会。中国日报记者 冯永斌 摄

1过去五年工作回顾
五年来经济社会发展取得历史性成就、发生历史性变革。

★五年来,经济实力跃上新台阶,GDP年均增长7.1%。 

Over the past five years, economic strength has reached a new high. GDP has registered average annual growth of 7.1 percent.

  

★五年来,人民生活持续改善,贫困人口减少6800多万。

Over the past five years, living standards have been constantly improving. More than 68 million people have been lifted out of poverty.

★五年来,生态环境状况逐步好转。

Over the past five years, the environment has seen gradual improvement.

最全双语干货!2018年政府工作报告划重点,中国

五年来,主要做了以下工作。

▌结束了66年的营业税征收历史,累计减税超过2万亿元。五年来共减轻市场主体负担3万多亿元。

We have extended the replacement of business tax with VAT to all sectors across the country, calling time on the 66-year history of business tax. The result so far has been a tax cut of more than 2 trillion yuan. Our market entities have seen savings of more than 3 trillion yuan.

▌推进供给侧结构性改革。中央政府定价项目缩减80%,地方政府定价项目缩减50%以上。

With a commitment to treating supply-side structural reform, the number of items for which central government sets the prices has been cut back by 80 percent, and local government-priced items have been cut down by over 50 percent. 

▌创新引领发展,着力激发社会创造力。各类市场主体达到9800多万户,五年增加70%以上。

With a commitment to innovation-driven development, and a focus on unlocking public creativity, China’s market entities, all types included, now total over 98 million, an increase of more than 70 percent over the past five years. 

▌全面深化改革,着力破除体制机制弊端,发展动力不断增强。

With a commitment to deepening reform across the board, we have taken major steps to remove institutional barriers, thus steadily boosting the driving forces powering development.

▌坚持对外开放的基本国策,着力实现合作共赢,开放型经济水平显著提升。

With a commitment to China's fundamental policy of opening up, we have focused on promoting win-win cooperation, and significantly improved the performance of our country's open economy.

▌实施区域协调发展和新型城镇化战略,着力推动平衡发展。

With a commitment to implementing the coordinated regional development and new urbanization strategies, we have promoted more balanced development.

▌着力保障和改善民生,人民群众获得感不断增强。

We have endeavored to ensure and improve living standards and seen the growing satisfaction of the people.

▌着力治理环境污染,生态文明建设取得明显成效。

We have taken major steps to address pollution, and achieved notable progress in ecological conservation.

▌加强和创新社会治理,社会保持和谐稳定。

We have focused on enhancing and developing new forms of social governance, and ensured social harmony and stability.

安不忘危,兴不忘忧。还有困难和问题:

经济增长内生动力还不够足,创新能力还不够强,发展质量和效益不够高,一些企业特别是中小企业经营困难,民间投资增势疲弱,部分地区经济下行压力较大,金融等领域风险隐患不容忽视。

22018年目标

最全双语干货!2018年政府工作报告划重点,中国

★国内生产总值增长6.5%左右;居民消费价格涨幅3%左右;

GDP growth of around 6.5 percent; CPI increase of around 3 percent;

★城镇新增就业1100万人以上,城镇调查失业率5.5%以内,城镇登记失业率4.5%以内;

Over 11 million new urban jobs, the surveyed urban unemployment rate within 5.5 percent, and the registered urban jobless rate within 4.5 percent;

★居民收入增长和经济增长基本同步;

Basic parity in personal income growth and economic growth;

★进出口稳中向好,国际收支基本平衡;

A steady rise in import and export volumes, and a basic equilibrium in the balance of payments; 

★单位国内生产总值能耗下降3%以上,主要污染物排放量继续下降;

A drop of at least 3 percent in energy consumption per unit of GDP, and continued reductions in the release of major pollutants; 

★供给侧结构性改革取得实质性进展,宏观杠杆率保持基本稳定,各类风险有序有效防控。

Substantive progress in supply-side structural reform, basically stable macro leverage, and systematic and effective prevention and control of risk.

3对2018年政府工作的建议

最全双语干货!2018年政府工作报告划重点,中国

★收入:提高个人所得税起征点。

We will raise the personal income tax threshold.

 

★教育:切实降低农村学生辍学率,着力解决中小学生课外负担重问题。

We will significantly reduce the rural drop-outrate; give attention to addressing the problem of heavy extracurricular burdens on primary and secondary school students.

 

★医疗:居民基本医保人均财政补助标准再增加40元。扩大跨省异地就医直接结算范围。

(来源:网络整理)

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